The peak of the Großer Arber is the highest point of the whole Bavarian-Bohemian border mountains, and it exceeds the tree line. Even trees like the spruce and rowan are rarely seen at this height. The mountain pine, however, thrives here. You can find specialist plants that have adapted to survive in these extreme conditions (cold, stoney, low-nutrient soil).
Flora and Fauna on the Großer Arber
Until the end of the last ice age around 10,000 years ago, the Großer Arber was covered with ice. You can see plenty of rare plants from this time at the summit of the Großer Arber (“ice age relics”). After the ice age, the climate conditions meant that they could not spread; they are rare and endangered!
You can often see rare animals near the summit as well. The Alpine accentor is one of the Arber summit’s ice age relics, and the Großer Arber provides a breeding ground for some water pipit pairs. Three-toed woodpeckers and peregrines also make the Großer Arber one of the most interesting mountains in the Bavarian Forest.
As well as these rare birds, lynx and wood grouses have also found a refuge around the Arber.
They guard and look after the summit, provide on-site information about the summit plateau’s special features, and make sure that visitors don’t damage the area. Participants of nature walks with the Arber Rangers can find out all about the nature and landscape. Stefan Beywl and Paul Kraus are Head Rangers, supported by Nature Park Rangers from the Bavarian Forest and Upper Bavarian Forest.
As a special highlight on the Großer Arber, you can book a nature walk with a Ranger. You not only get to peak behind the scenes of the ARBER-BERGBAHN, but also discover and experience the natural landscape that surrounds the “king of the Bavarian Forest”.